DIR 165

Limited and controlled release of wheat genetically modified for altered iron uptake, transport and bioavailability, and enhanced yield

Licence details

Licence number:
DIR 165
Licence status:
Limited and controlled

The University of Melbourne

Parent organism:

Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

Modified trait:

Composition – food (human nutrition), Enhanced yield, Selectable marker – antibiotic, Selectable marker – herbicide

Licence issue date:

This licence allows the University of Melbourne to grow their GM wheat in carefully controlled field sites to see how well it grows. The introduced genes have roles in increasing iron uptake and storage, and improving iron bioavailability when grain is consumed. The overall goal is to produce GM wheat with high iron levels in its grain. The wheat can be grown at two sites in the first year (no more than 4ha in total) and at up to 10 sites each in the four years after that (no more than 20 ha per year). The field sites can be in Victoria, New South Wales and Western Australia.  The GM wheat grown in the field trial will not be used in human food or animal feed.

The wheat has been modified to increase how much iron is stored in the seeds in order to make it more nutritious. The trial is to assess the performance of the GM wheat under field conditions. The licence has conditions to keep the seeds and pollen in the trial site, and that there will be no GM wheat left at any site by the end of the trial.

The risk analysis for this application was carried out in accordance with the Regulator’s Risk Analysis Framework.

Please see our factsheet for more information on GM wheat trials in Australia.

You can find out more about wheat and how it is farmed in Australia in our biology document.

Date application received:
RARMP open for public consultation:
RARMP closed for public consultation:


Licence decision - notification

Outlines the Regulator’s decision to issue a licence following the assessment of this application.

Licence decision - Q&A

FAQs on the licence application and the Regulator’s decision to issue a licence for this application.

Risk assessment and risk management plan - summary

A summary of the Risk Assessment and Risk Management Plan prepared as part of the assessment of this application. It provides a brief description of the licence application, the risk assessment and risk management plan.

Risk assessment and risk management plan - full version

The final risk assessment and management plan prepared to support the Regulator's decision. It describes the GMO(s) and proposed work with the GMO(s) and provides an assessment of potential risks posed by the GMO(s). It also includes a summary of submissions received during the public consultation process.

Licence conditions

Sets out the licence conditions imposed by the Regulator, including the licence holder’s general and specific obligations and reporting requirements.

Last updated:

Trial site listing

Status Crop status updated Date planted GPS coordinates Local government area Trial site area (ha) Trial site number Trial site state
Post-harvest monitoring -36.38494 145.70632,-36.38494 145.70644,-36.38451 145.70644,-36.38451 145.70632 Greater Shepparton City Council 0.0716 1 VIC
Post-harvest monitoring -36.385058 145.706433,-36.385058, 145.706553,-36.384758, 145.706608,-36.384747, 145.706450 Greater Shepparton City Council 0.041 2 VIC
Post-harvest monitoring -36.38506 145.70657,-36.38457, 145.70667,-36.38459, 145.70683,-36.38508, 145.70672 Greater Shepparton City Council 0.08 3 VIC
Post-harvest monitoring -36.38508 145.70673,-36.38459 145.70683,-36.38461 145.70701,-36.38511 145.70691
-36.38476 145.70648,-36.38458 145.70652,-36.38460 145.70666,-36.38478 145.70662
-36.38461 145.70723,-36.38471 145.70809,-36.38498 145.70804,-36.38488 145.70718
Greater Shepparton City Council 0.344 4 VIC
Post-harvest monitoring -36.385213 145.707038,-36.384944 145.707089,-36.384992 145.707450,-36.385259 145.707399
-36.385259 145.707399,-36.385097 145.707429,-36.385174 145.708020,-36.385337 145.707995
-36.386446 145.706222,-36.385381 145.706417,-36.385557 145.707921,-36.386646 145.707710
Greater Shepparton City Council 1.850 5 VIC