About the GMO tables

The following tables provide a summary of GMOs released into the environment.

GMOs can be released for a limited time under specified conditions (limited and controlled release) or without a time limit on their release (“Commercial release”). Some restrictions on commercial releases may still apply.

All releases are assigned a licence number and referred to as “DIR” which is short for “Dealings involving intentional release” into the environment. “Dealing” with GMO includes many activities such as conduct experiments, make, develop, produce, transport and dispose.

In addition to licences, there is also a “GMO Register”. The Regulator can decide that certain dealings previously authorised by a licence may be included in the GMO Register. Dealings on the GMO register no longer require a licence, they can be conducted by anyone.

The following table provides summary information about DIR licences issued by the Gene Technology Regulator for commercial therapeutic GMOs, and contains links to detailed documentation relating to each application and assessment, including licence conditions.

Table of authorisations for commercial therapeutic GMOs (subset of list of licences involving Intentional Release)
Licence No Australian Product Name Organisation Parent Organism Target Disease Common Name Issue Date Licence Status
DIR 033/2002Orochol® vaccine CSL LtdCholera vaccine (Vibrio cholerae)Cholera 20 Jun 2003Surrendered