About the GMO tables

The following tables provide a summary of GMOs released into the environment.

GMOs can be released for a limited time under specified conditions (limited and controlled release) or without a time limit on their release (“Commercial release”). Some restrictions on commercial releases may still apply.

All releases are assigned a licence number and referred to as “DIR” which is short for “Dealings involving intentional release” into the environment. “Dealing” with GMO includes many activities such as conduct experiments, make, develop, produce, transport and dispose.

In addition to licences, there is also a “GMO Register”. The Regulator can decide that certain dealings previously authorised by a licence may be included in the GMO Register. Dealings on the GMO register no longer require a licence, they can be conducted by anyone.

Authorisations for commercial releases of GM crops plants (subset of list of licences involving Intentional Release)
Licence No Parent Organism Modified Trait Event Name(s) OECD Unique Identifier(s) Organisation Issue Date Licence Status
DIR 134Carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus L.)Modified colour , Selectable marker – herbicide Moonaqua™ Moonvelvet™ Moonberry™FLO-4689-6;
International Flower Developments Pty Ltd08 Oct 2015Surrendered
DIR 090Rose (Rosa X hybrida)Modified colour, Selectable marker -antibiotic WKS82/130-4-1 IFD-5241-4Florigene Pty Ltd19 Jun 2009Surrendered
DIR 059/2005Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)Herbicide tolerance, Insect resistance, Selectable marker - antibiotic, Reporter gene expressionMON88913; MON88913 x MON15985 MON88913-8;
MON88913-8 x MON-15985-7
Monsanto Australia Ltd16 Feb 2006Surrendered
DIR 023/2002Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)Insect resistance, Herbicide tolerance, Selectable marker - antibioticMON1445; MON1445 x MON531 MON-1445-2;
MON-1445-2 x MON-531-6
Monsanto Australia Ltd20 Jun 2003Surrendered
DIR 022/2002Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)Insect resistance, Selectable marker - antibioticMON531 MON-531-6 Monsanto Australia Ltd12 Jun 2003Surrendered
DIR 012/2002Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)Insect resistance, Herbicide tolerance, Selectable marker - antibiotic, Reporter gene expressionMON15985; MON15985 x MON1445MON-15985-7;
MON-15985-7 x MON-1445-2
Monsanto Australia Ltd23 Sep 2002Surrendered